Updated: Aug 27, 2019
Wooden boats share their past and return to the sea under hands that love them James Hebert STAFF WRITER PUBLICATION: San Diego Union-Tribune, The (CA) SECTION: LIFESTYLE
DATE: August 5, 2001 EDITION: 1,2,3 Page: E-1
Forget sailing over the bounding main. The vessel that sits outside C.F. Koehler's office window looks as if it's bound mainly for the landfill.
"You take a look at that boat out there," Koehler admits, "and you say: 'Firewood. Is there a Dumpster big enough for it?'"
But when Koehler looks at an old wooden sailing craft like this one -- a 1940s-vintage Cal 32 named Altimar -- he sees more than a junk heap. And to see what Koehler sees, you have to look beneath the boat's withered skin.
"Look at how close the grain is," Koehler says. He is outside now at his Shelter Island boatyard, scraping flecks of aged paint off the dry-docked Altimar with a pocketknife. The blade reveals lines of still-sturdy planking, stretched like corduroy along the boat's belly.
"These trees were probably saplings before the Civil War," he muses.
Koehler has seen a lot of wooden boats like this, and he has saved more than a few. They are his passion, even if sometimes they are a royal pain in the aft: A restoration can take a year or more and cost $50,000 to $80,000.
They are worth it, he says, for the same reason that the Altimar's old timbers somehow speak to him: "You have a time machine," he says, "when you have one of these boats."
Just as a time machine bridges past and present, so does Koehler's work. At the Koehler Kraft boatyard, founded by his father in the early 1950s, he uses modern methods and materials to restore vintage wooden boats to sailing shape.
"He's known as probably the best at it," says Greg Stewart, a top naval architect at San Diego-based Nelson/Marek Yacht Design. Stewart designs sleek racing sailboats, but he also owns a 70-year-old wooden yacht named Sprig, which he restored with Koehler's help.
"Some people, their hands can touch a musical instrument or their hands can touch wood in a way other people can't," says Richard S. "Rish" Pavelec, a local sailor who has championed the restoration of vintage PC (Pacific Class) racing sailboats.
Koehler is 36, which makes him about half as old as most of the boats he restores. But if he possesses the skills of a much older salt, it's because he got a very early start.
On one wall of his crow's-nest office hangs a photo of himself, poised over an old engine block. He is about 2 years old.
"The story is they gave me a wrench and I was able to get it on a bolt," Koehler says with a smile.
Apocryphal or not, the tale gives a sense of Koehler's early life: He was all but brought up at the boatyard.
His father, Clarence Koehler Sr., founded Mercury Marine Works downtown in 1938. There, he designed and built Koehler Kraft boats such as the family cruiser seen in another photo at the office.
"There was a huge generation gap between us," says Koehler, noting that he was only 21 when his father died at age 70.
The first time the young Koehler had "a speck of whiskers" on his face, he recalls, his taciturn father asked whether he had lost his razor.
But even though dad discouraged son from pursuing boat-building as a trade, the two spent long days together at the yard -- one working, the other observing and helping out as best he could.
"I would spend hours watching him do his thing," Koehler says now.
By the seventh grade, Koehler recalls, he had his first boat -- a "cool little cabin cruiser" made up largely of junk parts from the yard.
In high school, he took wood shop for a time, but "it was stupid for me to stay after school to do a project, when I could be here making wage, helping the family business."
The on-the-job experience, Koehler says, made him "beyond a journeyman" in carpentry and mechanics by his late teens.
The knack for salvage he demonstrated with that first cabin cruiser has served Koehler well, and it goes beyond boats -- he also drives "ancient" autos such as a 1952 pickup truck.
Koehler describes his restoration work as "almost a boat-recycling thing." He doesn't try to save them all. "There are all kinds of poster-child boats (out there)," he acknowledges -- boats that are crying out for attention and adoption.
As for how to inspire people to care about these old craft the way he does, Koehler says he hasn't a clue.
"I'm not a philosopher or a marketer," he says. "I'm a simple shipwright. I'm also a pretty good sailor. I know how to prepare a boat for the environment it's going to be used in."
Right now, the Shelter Island yard is dotted with a prime focus of Koehler's attention -- the PC boats.
Over the past few years, two of the 32-foot-long boats have been restored to racing form at Koehler Kraft. Two more are in advanced stages of rehab, and another two are just beginning the process.
One of those is believed to be the oldest PC boat still extant -- Hull No. 8, better known as Wings.
Built in 1931, Wings was owned and sailed for some 40 years by Paul Hartley Sr., and became a fixture on San Diego Bay until its "retirement" in 1983. Among those who reportedly took their first sails on Wings was future America's Cup hero Dennis Conner.
The San Diego Maritime Museum eventually acquired Wings but was unable to fund a restoration. Last year, it handed custody of the boat to Pavelec, who says that "from the day I got the boat, it has been my dream to give it back."
To that end, Pavelec has been raising money for the restoration. He has received donations from the Maritime Museum itself and from the Kettenburg family, whose boat-works designed and built the first PCs beginning in 1929.
Pavelec, a semi-retired UCSD heart researcher and a member of the San Diego Yacht Club, fell for the PCs about 15 years ago, when a family friend took him and his wife for a sail on one.
He barely knew how to sail at the time, but that didn't stop him from immediately setting out to find a PC of his own.
He wound up with Hull No. 63, Puff, first launched in 1947 and returned to the water after a complete restoration in 1998.
Last weekend, Puff was among a dozen or so boats that competed in the PC Nationals, hosted by San Diego Yacht Club. Pavelec had both Koehler and yacht designer Stewart aboard as crew.
To Pavelec, the allure of the PCs is part history, part pure aesthetics.
A PC, he says, is "exactly what a sailboat should look like. I can't explain it any better than that."
His own way
To purists, Koehler's method of restoration might cause some cringes. He uses modern materials such as epoxy and fiberglass "rope" for strengthening and water resistance.
The process is not exactly authentic, which doesn't exactly bother Koehler.
"Authenticity is a bunch of crap," he says, in typically straightforward style. "What is it really worth, anyway?"
The important thing, he says, is to get the boat sailing again. Authenticity doesn't always fit that formula.
"It's hard to convince people to pay twice as much for something that will last half as long," he says of doing more traditional wood restoration.
Koehler doesn't have a PC of his own, but he does have Sally, a 10-meter-class boat he bought 15 years ago. Now restored and running regular charters, the 70-year-old Sally is one of only two of its type left sailing, so far as Koehler is aware.
Sally is also Koehler's personal time machine. He tells of sailing into Channel Islands Harbor in Ventura some years back, and being approached by an older man who was curious about the boat.
Turns out the man had once been a hired gun -- a professional crew member aboard Sally during its long-ago racing days.
As proof, he produced a commemorative belt buckle -- a gift from the boat's wealthy owner of yore, and an artifact that to Koehler had been only legend until then.
Even if saving old boats seems a futile task sometimes, moments like that make Koehler want to keep trying.
"You want to talk about practical," he says. "I don't know what's practical about what are basically toys."
But, he adds, "humans have a need for recreation. And we have a way of destroying things faster than we can learn from them."
Caption: 1. At his Shelter Island boatyard, C.F. Koehler hones a part for a 70-year-old Pacific Class racing sailboat, one of four he is restoring.
2. The vintage wooden yacht Wings (foreground) shows its age as it awaits restoration by C.F. Koehler.
3. Puff heads out to compete in the PC Nationals last weekend off Point Loma. (E-3)
4. C.F. Koehler works on La Cucaracha, another PC being restored with the help of modern methods and materials. (E-3)
5. Alexandra Gonzales of Koehler Kraft works aboard Blue Water, a 1930s-vintage Alden cutter. (E-3)
1,2,3,4,5. Don Kohlbauer / Union-Tribune photos